This is a landmark month as you finish up your first trimester! By the end of this month, your baby will grow to more than three inches in length and almost one ounce, about the size and heft of a roll of Life Savers. His head accounts for one-third of his total length, and his tongue, salivary glands, and taste buds have formed. You make first contact this month as you hear his heartbeat and perhaps even see him on ultrasound.
Your baby's heart is pumping about twenty-five quarts of blood each day, and a lattice of blood vessels can be seen through his translucent skin, which is starting to develop a coat of fine downy hair called lanugo. His, or her, gender is apparent since the external sex organs have now fully differentiated, but it will take a combination of luck and technical skill for an ultrasound operator to reveal if you have a son or daughter.
This month, you start to sport a protruding belly, which may mean sharing your news with friends, family, and coworkers if you haven't already. Your uterus is about the size of a softball and stretches to just about your pubic bone. Two to four pounds of total weight gain is about average for the first trimester; if you've been down and out with nausea and vomiting, you may be below the curve. Weight gain will pick up in the second trimester and peak in the third as your baby starts to fill out your womb.
While twenty-five to thirty-five pounds is the average suggested total weight gain for a pregnancy, your height and build will influence that number. Underweight women and women with multiple pregnancies (twins or more) will be expected to gain more; overweight women will be encouraged to gain slightly less.
If your provider hasn't mentioned a weight goal for your pregnancy, ask for your weight goal and record it here.
Focus on the quality of food you're eating and on getting some regular exercise (cleared with your provider first).
|Where the Weight Goes|
|Baby||7.5 to 8.5 pounds|
|Uterus||2 to 2.5 pounds|
|Placenta||1.5 to 2 pounds|
|Amniotic fluid||2 pounds|
|Blood||3 to 4 pounds|
|Breasts||1 to 2 pounds|
|Maternal fat and nutrient stores||4 to 6 pounds|
|Retained maternal fluids||4 to 8 pounds|
|Total||25 to 35 pounds|
Although nausea and vomiting may finally be waning, constipation, gas, and occasional heartburn may take over as the gastrointestinal pests of the second trimester.
Constipation can be caused by an increase in progesterone, which can act to slow down the digestive system. Later in the pregnancy, pressure on the intestines caused by your growing uterus adds to the problem. Iron supplements or prenatal vitamins with added iron can also cause constipation, so talking to your provider about the possibility of a dosage adjustment or an extended release formula may be in order. An increase in dietary fiber, plenty of water intake, and exercise as approved by your healthcare provider may also help to get things going again. Be sure to consult your doctor before taking any stool softeners or laxatives.
Other pregnancy symptoms that may continue or begin this month include the following. Check off symptoms you experience this month and talk to your doctor or midwife about any that make you especially uncomfortable:Fatigue
Like any mom-to-be, you've got a lot on your mind. That alone may have you forgetting what used to be second nature and misplacing things. Pregnancy hormones, sleep deprivation, and stress have all been suggested as possible culprits.
Whatever the cause, forgetting appointments and misplacing things can leave you feeling muddled and helpless. To cope with forgetfulness, try the following.
This month, your provider may:
From Everything Pregnancy Organizer Copyright © 2007, F+W Publications, Inc. Used by permission of Adams Media, an F+W Publications Company. All rights reserved.
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